Description

Simple

Information currently not available.

Clinical

Information currently not available.

Overview

Acadesine (AICA-riboside) is a purine nucleoside analog with anti-ischemic properties that is currently being studied (Phase 3) for the prevention of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. It is being developed jointly by PeriCor and Schering-Plough. Acadesine has been granted Orphan Drug Designation for B-CLL in the EU.

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in cardiac reperfusion injury, cardiovascular disorders, and coronary artery disease.

Pharmacodynamic

Acadesine has been shown to induce cell death apoptosis selectively in B-cells taken from healthy subjects and patients with B-CLL, with little effect on T-cells. As T-cells have an important role in fighting infection, it is anticipated that patients treated with acadesine will have a reduced risk... Read more

Mechanism of action

The mechanism by which acadesine selectively kills B-cells is not yet fully elucidated. The action of acadesine does not require the tumour suppressor protein p53 like other treatments. This is important, as p53 is often missing or defective in cancerous B-cells. Studies have shown acadesine activat... Read more

Absorption

Information currently not available.

Protein binding

Negligible (approximately 1%)

Volume of distribution

Information currently not available.

Clearance

Information currently not available.

Half life

1 week

Route of elimination

Information currently not available.

Toxicity

Information currently not available.

Adverse Effects

Effect Regions Age Groups Incidences Evidence Type

Contraindications

Information currently not available.

Food Interactions

Information currently not available.